You must increase awareness about the need of getting a stroke patient to the doctor as soon as possible to avoid complications. Defining the stroke “A stroke is the abrupt death of brain cells in a limited location owing to insufficient flow of oxygenated blood,” explains Dr. Rohit Gupta, a stroke specialist in Faridabad. Brain cells begin to die fast without access to blood, which gives oxygen and nutrition while also removing waste materials. A stroke can induce paralysis, speech damage, memory loss and thinking capacity, coma, or even death, depending on the area of the brain affected.”
Despite the fact that strokes are a reasonably regular medical emergency, many individuals are unsure what to do when someone in their family has a stroke. “ Because strokes happen quickly, their symptoms frequently arise unexpectedly and without warning. However, paying attention to some early warning indications, such as:
- Confusion, including difficulties communicating and understanding,
- A headache accompanied by altered awareness or vomiting.
- Numbness on one side of the body, in particular.
- Having difficulty seeing in one or both eyes.
- Walking difficulties, including dizziness and a lack of coordination.
Knowing more about the symptoms and indications of a stroke and getting the patient to the hospital as soon as possible might prevent a stroke and lessen consequences.
There is a patient-friendly code called FAST — F for face drooping, A for arm drooping, S for speech slurring, and T for time to contact the ambulance – to assist patients and their families obtain timely care. As Dr. Rohit Gupta previously indicated, early admission is critical for optimal stroke therapy; in fact, medical guidelines specify that the stroke patient should be at the hospital within four and a half hours after the onset of the stroke to be eligible for treatment.
Stroke rates in the country are growing dramatically, particularly among younger people, which might be related to an increase in the frequency of risk factors such as poor lifestyle choices, a high-fat diet, and low levels of physical exercise.
“Given the country’s escalating stroke prevalence, it is critical to educate people not only about the symptoms and the significance of prompt hospital admission, but also about the various treatment methods.”
Dr. Rohit, also the best stroke specialist in Faridabad explains emergency stroke care, “Thrombolytic therapy is utilised to swiftly break the block and improve blood flow.” These are mostly used to treat ischemic strokes. Thrombolytic drugs should be administered within 3 hours after the beginning of a stroke. This aids in the prevention of major stroke and disability. This treatment, however, does not effective in the case of internal bleeding.”
Who are the right candidates for surgery?
Stroke patients with internal bleeding in the brain are frequently advised to undergo surgery. “The reason of bleeding assists in selecting the essential treatment for the patient,” informs Dr. Rohit. The patient is continuously monitored in an intensive care unit during and after the stroke. Surgical therapy is frequently suggested to prevent or control bleeding inside the brain. Depending on the patient’s health, surgery is normally performed within 48 to 72 hours following a haemorrhage.”
Dr. Rohit Gupta, a stroke specialist in Faridabad, recommends lifestyle changes including reducing risk factors such as smoking, obesity, hypertension, physical inactivity, and stress following first stroke therapy. “A healthy and balanced diet high in fibre, fruits, vegetables, and low in saturated fats, sugary and processed foods, and salt, along with exercise, can not only avoid strokes to a large extent, but can also assist live a better life post-stroke,” he says.