During a stroke, the blood supply to a part of the brain is disrupted, preventing the brain tissues from receiving oxygen and nutrients. A stroke can lead to tissue death within minutes. Strokes are medical emergencies that require immediate treatment. If treated early, brain damage and other complications can be avoided says Stroke Specialist in Faridabad. So let’s take a bit of a deeper dive into the article to know more. Read on!
Stroke symptoms include the following
- Speech Impaired
- One side of the face or the arms or legs may feel numb or weak
- Seeing is difficult with one or both eyes
- Walking is difficult due to lack of coordination and balance
Strokes appear and disappear quickly. Therefore, one should think ‘FAST’.
- Face – Does one side of your face look depressed?
- Arms – Does the person have difficulty raising one or both arms?
- Speech – Does the person have slurred speech?
- Time – If the person exhibits any of the above symptoms, they should be taken to the hospital immediately.
An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or leaks. Transient Ischemic Attacks occur in some people when circulation to the brain temporarily stops. These symptoms last for only a short time before disappearing.
The risk factors for stroke include high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, a family history of strokes, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, poor lifestyles, etc. Stroke is usually seen in people over the age of 50
According to the patient’s medical condition, blood tests, blood pressure tests, CT scans, MRIs, ultrasounds, echocardiograms, and cerebral angiograms are recommended.
Stroke treatment methods have significantly improved. Thrombectomy procedures, such as mechanical thrombectomy, are commonly administered within six hours of a stroke. Clot-busting injections are also given within four and a half hours after a stroke. By removing the clot, these methods also prevent damage to cells and blood vessels.
To reduce stroke risk, it is imperative to manage high blood pressure, lower cholesterol and fat in the diet, manage diabetes, avoid habits such as smoking and drinking, exercise regularly, and treat obstructive sleep apnea if the patient has it. People in their thirties and forties are now being diagnosed with the disease, which previously affected people in their fifties. Thus, Dr. Rohit Gupta, stroke specialist in Faridabad suggests that by taking preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of stroke.