Strokes, also known as cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs), cerebrovascular insults (CVIs), or brain attacks, occur when a part of the brain is deprived of blood flow. Oxygen deprivation causes brain cells to die. Brain cells die and the functions controlled by that part of the brain stop, causing different types of disabilities for stroke survivors. There’s more than one kind of stroke, says Dr. Rohit Gupta – stroke specialist in Faridabad. Keep reading to learn about the main types of strokes, their symptoms, and treatments.
Strokes can be divided into two types.
- Ischemic stroke
Burst blood vessels in the brain or aneurysms in the brain can lead to the first type of stroke. This type usually leads to death. The second occurs when a clot blocks blood flow to the brain. In patients suffering from strokes, the most common side-effects are paralysis or loss of feeling in a certain part of the body, difficulty understanding or speaking, and loss of vision in one eye. After a stroke, a person begins to suffer from side-effects regularly.
There are certain conditions when blood flow to a certain part of the brain stops for a short period of time, causing stroke-like symptoms that last only a few hours before disappearing. The condition is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The effects of a stroke can be both debilitating and permanent. Because of this, it is crucial to understand the symptoms of a stroke and to get the patient to a doctor as soon as possible. A stroke can sometimes be prevented if it is treated early.
Stroke symptoms include:
- Trouble talking and understanding.
- Headaches and vomiting may also occur.
- Especially on one side of the body, numbness of the face, arms, or legs
- Seeing problems in one or both eyes
- Having trouble walking with stability and coordination
- Having trouble controlling your bladder or bowels
- Suffering from acute depression
- The body temperature fluctuates and pain increases with movement
- Paralysis on one side of the body and fatigue
- Inability to express or control emotions
Risk factors include:
- Having hypertension
- High cholesterol
- Cigarette smoking
- Overweight or obesity
- An unhealthy lifestyle
The type of stroke acquired is determined by various tests. These include:
- Physical examination, which involves observing the patient’s overall health.
- Blood tests
- CT scans
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
- Angiograms of the brain
- An echocardiogram
Stroke is a fatal brain disease and can damage your system permanently, so you should talk to your doctor about how you can prevent it. You can always consult Dr. Rohit Gupta, the best stroke specialist in Faridabad if you have any concerns or questions! Do get in touch with us to know more!