Movement disorders are neurological disorders in which the movements are either reduced, slowed, or increased in an abnormal way, whether voluntary or involuntary. Read out the article by Dr. Rohit Gupta – the best neurologist in Faridabad to know the Neurological treatment for Movement Disorders. Symptoms of movement disorders can range from subtle to severe, depending on their severity.
A few common types of nervous and movement disorders are outlined below.
- Ataxia- This movement disorder is caused by an abnormal lack of brain coordination (cerebellum). Symptoms of ataxia include uncoordinated or clumsy balance, stumbling gait, vision and speech issues, and difficulty with fine motor skills.
- There is no cure for Chorea, but it affects the face, mouth, trunk, and limbs in repetitive, irregular, rapid movements. Dopamine overactivity is the cause.
- Muscle contractions occur involuntarily and result in twisting, repetitive movements in Dystonia. Generalized dystonia can affect the entire body, while focal dystonia affects only one part of the body. There may be symptoms such as twisted posture, involuntary movements, and torticollis.
- Huntington’s disease- This is a rare inherited genetic disorder that causes brain damage, uncontrolled movements, impaired cognitive function, and psychiatric conditions.
- A progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects many brain systems is multiple system atrophy (MSA). It affects both the autonomic nervous system and the cerebral cortex. Ataxia and parkinsonism are symptoms of the condition. In addition, blood pressure may be low and bladder movements may be impaired.
- Parkinson’s disease- This progressive, neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system causes tremors, stiffness, irregular muscle contractions, slow movement, and coordination issues.
- Tourette syndrome is a neurological condition that develops between the ages of four and ten. It causes repetitive eye blinks, shrugging shoulders, and burping such as you would when you are embarrassed.
- Tremors are involuntary movements that cause shaking in the hands, head, face or other parts of the body. The most common type is essential tremor. Beta-blockers can be used to treat it.
- Wilson’s disease- This is a rare inherited disorder that causes the body to accumulate copper. The patient experiences abnormal walking or coordination problems, yellow skin, and eye swelling or tremors.
Find a movement disorders neurologist or best neurologist in Faridabad to discuss your concerns if you have been diagnosed with movement disorders or are concerned you may have one disorder. Many disorders that require neurological care can worsen with time, so seek out a professional for help as soon as possible.
Loss of muscle function
When a muscle does not function properly, it is called muscle function loss. Paralysis is the medical term for loss of movement caused by nerve damage. Damage to any part of the spinal cord causes signals to not reach the muscles, resulting in paralysis. Spinal cord injuries, head injuries, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and strokes are often statistically analyzed.
The following are four main categories of paralysis, based on the part of the body afflicted:
- A monoplegia is a type of paralysis in which a single limb cannot move. Patients with monoplegia normally have control over their entire body, except for the affected limb. The condition can occur temporarily.
- Hemiplegia occurs when one arm and one leg are affected on the same side of the body. A person experiencing hemiplegia first feels pain, then has muscle weakness, and finally is paralyzed completely. Most of the time, it is temporary, but the overall prognosis depends on the treatment.
- Lower body paralysis is known as paraplegia. Injuries to the spinal cord are the most common cause of this condition. Patients are unable to move their legs or feel anything below their waist. Paraplegia is not permanent.
- A quadriplegic suffers from paralysis below the neck. It usually affects all four limbs as well as the torso. Tetraplegia is also known as quadriplegia. It is caused by a brain injury or compression of the spinal cord nerves.
Movement disorders treatment explained by Best Neurologist in Faridabad
The treatment depends on the type of disorder. The treatment of underlying disease can cure some disorders, but not all. Some disorders require neurosurgery for movement disorders. In many cases, however, movement disorders cannot be cured, and they focus instead on reducing the symptoms and minimizing the pain for the individual.
Here are some common movement disorders:
- Early stages of Parkinson’s disease – patients respond to their medication during this time. Later stages may require surgery. Drugs like levodopa and carbidopa help to restore dopamine in the basal ganglia, which is the primary problem in Parkinson’s. They have had success with deep brain stimulation surgeries. The treatment of Parkinson’s disease must include good nutrition, exercise, and psychotherapy.
- As a treatment for Dystonias, anticholinergic drugs such as benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants can be administered. A Botulinum toxin injection or Botox injection may relieve muscle spasms.
- For tremors, the patient is administered beta-blockers like propranolol, or antipsychotic drugs like clozapine benzodiazepine. Severe cases may require surgery and deep brain stimulation.
- Having Tourette’s syndrome requires antipsychotics and antiseizure drugs such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, gabapentin, baclofen to treat. For facial spasms, botulinum toxin is useful.
Get in touch with Dr. Rohit Gupta or book an appointment with the best neurologist in Faridabad to solve your movement disorders. Also, his ability to treat patients with compassionate care is remarkable.