Parkinson’s Disease: A Common Movement Disorder

Parkinson's Disease Specialist in Faridabad - Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement, causing symptoms such as tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with balance and coordination. As one of the most common movement disorders, Parkinson’s disease can significantly impact a person’s quality of life and daily functioning. In this article, we’ll explore the key aspects of Parkinson’s disease, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and the importance of seeking specialized care from a Parkinson’s disease specialist like Dr. Rohit Gupta in Faridabad.

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive movement disorder that primarily affects the dopamine-producing neurons in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter involved in regulating movement and coordination. In Parkinson’s disease, the gradual loss of dopamine-producing cells leads to the development of motor symptoms such as tremors, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), rigidity, and postural instability.

Causes and Risk Factors:

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease remains unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some potential risk factors for Parkinson’s disease include advancing age, family history of the condition, exposure to certain environmental toxins, and genetic mutations.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease:

Parkinson’s disease is characterized by a wide range of motor and non-motor symptoms, which may vary in severity and progression from person to person. Motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include:

  1. Tremors: Involuntary shaking of the hands, arms, legs, jaw, or face, typically occurring at rest.
  2. Bradykinesia: Slowness of movement and difficulty initiating and executing voluntary movements.
  3. Rigidity: Stiffness and inflexibility of the muscles, often leading to reduced range of motion and mobility.
  4. Postural Instability: Impaired balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls and injuries.

Non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease may include:

  1. Cognitive Changes: Difficulty with memory, concentration, and executive function.
  2. Mood Disorders: Depression, anxiety, apathy, and emotional changes.
  3. Sleep Disturbances: Insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, restless leg syndrome.
  4. Autonomic Dysfunction: Orthostatic hypotension, constipation, urinary problems, and sexual dysfunction.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Diagnosing Parkinson’s disease involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and neurological assessment. There is no definitive test for Parkinson’s disease, so diagnosis is based on the presence of characteristic motor symptoms and exclusion of other conditions.

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease aims to alleviate symptoms, improve quality of life, and slow disease progression. Common treatment approaches may include:

  1. Medications: Dopamine-replacement medications, such as levodopa, dopamine agonists, and MAO-B inhibitors, can help manage motor symptoms and increase dopamine levels in the brain.
  2. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy and exercise programs can improve flexibility, strength, balance, and mobility, helping individuals with Parkinson’s disease maintain functional independence.
  3. Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on optimizing daily activities and enhancing fine motor skills, enabling individuals to perform tasks more efficiently.
  4. Speech Therapy: Speech therapy may be beneficial for addressing speech and swallowing difficulties commonly associated with Parkinson’s disease.
  5. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS): For individuals with advanced Parkinson’s disease and medication-resistant symptoms, deep brain stimulation surgery may be considered to implant electrodes in specific areas of the brain to modulate abnormal neuronal activity.

Seeking Specialized Care:

Given the complexity of Parkinson’s disease management, it’s essential to seek specialized care from a Parkinson’s disease specialist who has expertise in diagnosing and treating movement disorders. Dr. Rohit Gupta is renowned as the best Parkinson’s disease specialist in Faridabad, offering comprehensive care and support to individuals living with Parkinson’s disease. With his expertise and dedication to improving patient outcomes, Dr. Rohit Gupta provides personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs.


Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive movement disorder that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for Parkinson’s disease is crucial for effectively managing the condition and optimizing outcomes. If you’re seeking specialized care, Dr. Rohit Gupta is the best Parkinson’s Disease Specialist in Faridabad. Schedule an appointment at +91-9718044428 or 0129-3512000. Visit for more information.